Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force or by other medical conditions, including stroke, anoxia, infectious disease, aneurysm, brain tumors, and neurological insults resulting from medical or surgical treatments, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Traumatic brain injury applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma (34 CFR 300.8(c)(12)).

Overview of Services

Generally children who are identified with this disability are served through one of the special education programs listed below. Please click on the links below to learn more about the specific program.

Early Childhood Special Education/Preschool
Emotional Disability
Hearing Impairment
Intellectual Disability
Orthopedic Impairment
Specific Learning Disability
Visual Impairment

Related Links & Downloads

Brain Injury Association of America, Inc.

Traumatic Brain Injury Technical Assistance Center

Centre for Neuro Skills


Head Injury Hotline

Adapted toys

Online books and activities

Books in electronic format

Educational information and games

Administrative Contact

Heather Grim

Heather L. Grim, Supervisor

Donna Espinales, Administrative Assistant II